Mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders in childhood can become the root cause long-term problems throughout the life of individuals that may affect the health and well-being of children, families, and communities.
Treating a child’s mental health problems at the earliest can help children reduce problems at home, in school, and in forming friendships. It can also help with healthy development into adulthood.
Behavior therapy teaches children and their families how to strengthen positive child behaviors and eliminate or reduce unwanted or problem behaviors. It is a umbrella term that denotes wide range of techniques and methods that help in changing maladaptive behaviours in children, its main goal is to facilitate and reinforce desirable behavior and eliminating unwanted behaviours.
This therapy is action based and highly focused to achieve certain behaviours and detain behaviours that doesn't serve good outcome. This is a form of therapy that looks to identify unwanted and destructive behaviours and then try to replace or change them to constructive progressive behaviours that benefits the child wellbeing and healthy coping with life stressors. Using rewards, reinforcements.
Who can benefit from behavioural therapy?
It helps in solving wide range of disorders; behavioural therapy is most commonly used in treating
· Panic disorders
· Anger Management
· Eating disorders
· Obsessive Compulsive disorder(OCD)
· Self-harming behaviours
· Substance abuse disorders
· Post-traumatic stress disorder(PTSD)
This type of therapy benefits all genders and age groups.
Behavior therapy is likely to reduce symptoms of childhood conditions like ADHD, autism, behavior disorders, anxiety, and depression Scientific evidence based study suggests that different therapies work well with different type of problems in behavioural therapies.
For ADHD and disruptive behavior disorders in children providing parent training for the management of behavior works effectively along with child behavior therapy for the child. Behavior therapy focuses on changing the thoughts and emotions that can affect a child’s behavior negatively.
The therapist helps the child become aware of their thoughts and feelings also helps the child evaluate if feelings or thoughts may be distorted or illogical, and then helps the child through the process of changing the thoughts as well as the emotional reactions and behaviors that go along with them. Cognitive-behavior therapy often works directly with the child, but can also include parents.
What are the types of behavioural therapies?
There are different types of therapies used under behavioural therapy such as
1. Cognitive behavior therapy(CBT)
2. Rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT)
3. Solution focused brief Therapy (SFBT)
4. Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT)
5. Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT)
Some techniques used in behavioural therapy like
· Classical Conditioning
· Systematic desensitization
· Aversion therapy
· Exposure therapy
And play therapy is very effective form of therapy that is used in children of 3-12 years of age group. Regardless of any age group this therapy benefits all in treating effectively wide range of behavioural issues. Behavioural therapies is extensively used and has a huge success rate in treating many conditions, children who receive this therapy show 75% success rate and betterment and improvement in the quality of life.
A study conducted in 2012 says that behavioural therapy is most effective in treating anxiety disorders, stress, bulimia, anger related issues, somatoform disorders, depression, and substance abuse..