OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY

SPECIAL EDUCATION

Introduction to Special Education

 Children with disabilities, special needs and individual differences require special attention and support which is called as special education (SPED) It is also known as special-needs education, aided education, exceptional education, exceptional student education, SEN.

 This process involves a detailed assessment and evaluation of the disability severity and planning of the individualized treatment plan specifically designed with monitored teaching procedures, adapted equipment and materials according in an accessible setting based on the child needs. 

 The interventions specially designed to help children with special needs to achieve higher levels of self- sufficiency and success in their academics along with related areas which may not be provided or accessible to child in a typical classroom setting education.

 Individualized Education plan (IEP) is designed to the child with special needs by a professional special educator with these IEP’s some children can participate in general education classes like the other children without disabilities with some accommodations, modifications and some push in/pull out services.

 Providing Different approaches to teaching, the use of technology, a specifically adapted teaching area, resource room or a separate classroom can benefit students with disabilities. A research conducted in 2015 says that 15.7% of Indian students are diagnosed with Learning Disabilities. Most of the children who had a diagnosed learning disability were between 8-12, and students in English medium schools. 

 A learning disability cannot be cured or fixed; it is a lifelong challenge. However, with appropriate treatment and interventions, people with learning disabilities can achieve success.

 Lack of awareness and inclusivity in the education system without proper guidelines resulted in poor or not meeting child special needs.

 This leads to the terrifying statistic from the census of India that 89% of kids with learning disabilities are enrolled in primary school, while only 8.5% actually go to secondary school, and finally, only 2.3% of the special needs children reach higher secondary. 

 Other than this, various factors, such as economic, social, legal, and technological issues do come in the way of a child getting the education they deserve.

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