Speech therapy is the assessment of treatment of speech disorders and communication problems in children developed during childhood and speech impairments in adults caused by illness or injury. This is performed by a speech language pathologists (SLPs) often recognized as speech therapists.
A unique, effective techniques and methods are used in improving the communication, speech which includes articulation therapy, language intervention activities and others based on the type of speech and language disorder that needs to addressed.
What are the speech disorders and why speech therapy is needed?
Most of Speech and language disorders are treatable with proper attention, care and support by professional speech therapists such as
Articulation disorder: It is an inability to properly form certain word sounds. In this the child experience drop, swap, distort or add other sounds example saying that instead of this.
Fluency disorder: It affects the flow, speed, rhythm and accuracy of speech causing stuttering and cluttering. In this the child experience stuck on a specific sound or word speech repeating part of word, getting blocked or interrupted and a person with cluttering will either speak fat or merge words together.
Resonance Disorder: It happens when there is a obstruction or blockage to the regular airflow in the nasal or oral cavities causing vibrations that alters the voice clarity and quality. It also happens when the velopharyengeal valve doesn’t close properly. Resonance disorders in most of the cases are associated with cleft palate, neurological disorders and swollen tonsils.
Expressive disorder: Difficulty in expressing and conveying information it is a trouble caused in finding, forming a sentence with a right verb tense, word or sentence accurately and inability to find a vocabulary. This is often associated with developmental impairments such as Down syndrome and hearing loss it can also result from head trauma or a medical condition.
Receptive Disorder: Trouble understanding and processing what others say which cause others uninterested when others are speaking, have trouble in following direction while they have limited vocabulary. Head injury, language disorders, autism, hearing loss can lead to receptive disorders.
Cognitive–Communication disorders: Difficulty in communicating caused by a brain injury to the brain part that controls ability to think which can result in problem-solving, difficulty in speaking or listening it can be the result of abnormal brain development , neurological conditions or stroke.
Aphasia and Dysarthria: Aphasia is an acquired communication disorder which affects person’s ability to understand and speak also affects ability to read and write. Dysarthria is characterized by slow and slurry speech caused by the weakness and inability to control muscles responsible for speech
Based on the type of speech and language disorder therapists often use customized treatment plans to enhance abilities to communicate effectively with the appropriate treatment procedures.
It gives best results when the treatment is started early and the success rate is high in the early intervention and constant support from the care givers. And the amount of time required for the therapy depends on many factors such as age, type of disorder and its severity, frequency of therapies, underlying medical conditions etc.